Adaptive fa[CA]de is an emergent, adaptive building skin that aims to provide optimum light levels to the interior. Using the computational and behavioural characteristics of Cellular Automata coupled with Artificial Intelligence, it gradually learns how to use complexity towards explicit goals. Translating the analog input of the environment, as measured by a series of light sensors, to digital and again to the analog tilted panels formed by CA patterns, suggests that one way to adapt to the complexity of the environment can be complexity itself.
By deeply understanding and utilising the inherent ‘universality’ of several Cellular Automata, the resulting system minimises both the exhaustive calculations found in other responsive façades as well as the input from the environmental conditions. More importantly, as it learns from its own errors and achievements, it can anticipate and challenge its own future behaviour. The outcome is a kinetic, performative, beautiful building skin.
Adpative fa[CA]de was my final thesis’ project for the ‘Adaptive Architecture & Computation’ (Bartlett, UCL, 2009) with Sean Hanna and Ruairi Glynn as my supervisors. It was exhibited from the 8th of September till the 2nd of October in Digital Hinterlands Exhibition at Arup’s Phase 2 Gallery on 8, Fitzroy st, as part of London Digital Week
The project has been widely published in ‘Passages through hinterlands’ book, numerous design blogs and has been awarded with Europrix 2010 Quality Seal.